Obudu is located in Northern part of Cross River State, Nigeria. For the purposes of OANA, Obudu comprises of Obudu and Obanliku municipalities. It is bounded on the west by Tive, on the east byBoki, on the north by Cameroon and on the south by Bekwara.
The Obudu People
The people of Obudu are proud, friendly and hospitable. The Obudu Community comprises several sub-communities that speak different dialects. Bete is the dialect that is spoken by a majority of the inhabitants of the area. Bete is widely understood and spoken across the spectrum of other sub-communities in the region. English is the official language of communication in the region and Nigeria as a whole. The literacy rate among the young ranks very high in the state and remains on the rise.
Geography and Economy
Obudu is known for its hilly terrain and the cattle ranch has the highest elevation in the region. The cattle ranch has beautiful weather, a breathtaking natural landscape and outstanding recreational facilities by the standard of the nation. The ranch is an ideal location for local and international vacationers, hosting seminars and conventions. The plateau (the cattle ranch) offers ample opportunity for visitors to be in touch with nature and observe some aspects of mother nature such as sunset and sunrise, and the panoramic view of some villages far and below the plateau. For an inquisitive visitors, the ranch offers a broad range of exotic meal options to select from. While you are there, do not forget to try Edikang Ikong, which is the ambrosia among the plethora of soup choices. It is delectable and very satisfying. The ranch, in a way, is a microcosm of a world of elegance and culinary delight. The inhabitants of the plateau are the Bechebe people.
The economy of the Obudu area is predominantly reliant on farming for food and cash crops. The soil is naturally fertile for agriculture and the people take a good advantage of it. Up until the late seventies, the people of Obudu were well versed in various farming techniques that made them renown in the production of yams, cassava, potatoes, rice, millet, sesame seeds, pepper, locust beans, black eye beans, garden egg, plantain and bananas. The agrarian economy has remained stagnant with regard to making a transition to mechanized methods including better means of food processing and preservation. Because of poor food preservation methods, cash crops are harvested and brought to the market at the same time by the farmers; thus keeping their prices low for the buyers at the expense of the producers.
The farming aspect of the economy is experiencing a downward trend as most of the young people have shifted their emphasis from farming to education and have little interest in following in the footsteps of the older generation.
Hotel and tourism help to generate a non-steady stream of income for the state particularly during the fourth quarter of the year when they usually host the annual cultural activities, such as theObudu International Mountain Race
About Cross River State, Nigeria
Cross River State is one of the 36 states of Nigeria. The present Cross River State came into being in September 1987 when the old Cross River State was split into Akwa Ibom and Cross River States. Cross River State is a coastal state in South Eastern Nigeria, named after Cross River, a riverwhich transcends almost the entire length of the State and empties into the Atlantic ocean (covering an area of 39,000 square kilometers or 15, 057 sq. miles). The state has an area of 23,072,425 square kilometers or Approx. 8,908,313 sq. miles with a population of 2.5 Million people (1988 Census). It shares boundaries with Benue State to the north, Enugu and Abia States to the west, to the east by Cameroon Republic and to the south by Akwa-Ibom and the Atlantic Ocean.
The state capital is located in Calabar. Some major towns and municipalities are Akamkpa, Biase, Calabar South, Ikom, Obubra, Odukpani, Ogoja, Ugep, Obudu, Obanliku and Akpabuyo.
The state is most known for hotel and tourism and depends heavily on that for revenue generation. The state hosts an annual cultural festival in December that attracts both national and international revelers. Follow the link to find out more about the Calabar carnival – Africa’s biggest street party.